In addition, employees generally have certain privacy rights while at work.
For example, employers typically can't monitor personal telephone conversations or search an employee's car.
They should clearly communicate to employees that unwelcome harassing conduct will not be tolerated.
They can do this by establishing an effective complaint or grievance process, providing anti-harassment training to their managers and employees, and taking immediate and appropriate action when an employee complains.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, for example, requires employers to provide a safe workplace by adhering to national safety standards.
Failing to do so can lead to fines and civil liability.
Employers must comply with wage and hour laws, like the Fair Labor Standards Act, that dictate how long an employee can work and how much he or she must be paid. For example, the Family and Medical Leave Act ensures that employees are granted time off to welcome a new baby, or deal with illness.
Both federal and state governments have enacted a wide range of employment laws protecting employees from discriminatory treatment, unfair labor practices, unsafe work conditions, and more.Employees should also report harassment to management at an early stage to prevent its escalation.